What is Tirumala Brahmotsavam?
First of all, do you know in Tirumala several festivals are conducted with great pomp and glory every year. But,the biggest festival is salakatla Brahmotsavam and Navratri Brahmotsavam. However,these two Brahmotsavam take place when there is Adikmasa means the year in which we have 13 months instead of 12 in Hindi calendar. Also,this year 2019 there is no adikmasa so only one Brahmotsavam i.e. Navaratri Brahmotsavam.
Now,this festival will commence on 30th September 2019 and end on 9th October 2019. There is no entry fees. Generally, 50000 to one lakh devotees visit Tirumala daily. On this occasion of Brahmotsavam around one million visitors are expected in a span of nine days. You may visit Tirumala.org for advance booking of sevas and accommodation. During this time there are no special darshans. There is only Sarva Darshan and Divya darshan. There are certain restrictions about vehicles like only 7000 cars will be allowed in these nine days. No two wheelers on 3rd and 4th october as there is garuda vahan. Similarly the timing of darshan and vahan are given in this article Tirumala Brahmotsavam 2019
It is believed that this festival means thanksgiving to lord brahma creator in Hindu mythology. According to legend lord brahma worshipped lord Balaji at the catchment area of pushkarini river to thank god for his blessings to mankind. The festival named after him as he was the first to conduct it at Tirupati temple. The main reason to celebrate this festival is to thank god for giving blissful life full of high morals and values.
Anurarpana ritual is paying respect to lord Vishvaksena. This ritual signifies richness, ripeness, success and abundance. He is taken on a procession in Adhyayanotsavam.
Vishvaksena is the commander in chief of the army of the lord and believed to protect the function or ritual from evil. Vishvaksena temple situated on the northern side of the main temple and daily worshipped with the flowers and garlands of lord Venkateshwara. On all nine days religious activities in mornings & evenings include homas and procession of different idols .
Dwajarohanam: This is flag hoisting indicating beginning of festival, invitation to all deities. The procession of deities is done before this Dwajarohanam. The flag bears the image of Garuda (lord Vishnu mounts on Garuda or eagle) and the flag is hoisted amidst chanting of Vedas. The Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh offers Silk robes to the lord as a tradition after the dwajarohanam.
Pedda Sesha Vahanam: In the evening there is the procession of Venkateshwara on Adi Sesha the thousand headed serpent which is Pedda Sesha Vahanam.
Chinna Sesha Vahanam : On the second day the procession is taken on five headed Vasuki.
Hamsa Vahanam: On the second day evening the lord is taken out on a swan. The swan is white indicating purity and intellectual ability.
On the third day morning Lord Venkateshwara is taken on a procession on a Lion. Lion indicates power. It is believed that lord Vishnu in one of his avatars had taken the form of Narasimha that is half lion and half man.
Mutyala Pallaki vahanam:
On the third day evening Lord Venkateshwara is taken on a procession with his consorts sreedevi and Bhoodevi in a palanquin decorated with umbrella of pearls
Kalpa Vruksha Vahanam :
On the fourth day morning there is procession with kalpa Vruksha as vehicle. In Hindu mythology kalpa Vruksh means divine wish fulfilling tree . So also, Lord Venkateshwara is the fulfiller of all vows and prayers of his devotees.
Sarva Bhoopala Vahanam :
Lord Venkateshwara is taken out on a procession on a vehicle of sarva bhoopala. Sarva bhoopala is god incharge of earth, water , air , Dikpalas of North , South, East, West, Ashta dikpalakas like gods of East- Indra, Gods of South east – Agni, Gods of South-Yama god of death, Gods of South west- Niruti protector from evil foes, Gods of west -vayu, god of north west-varun, god of north east -parameshwar or Chandra, god of North-kuber. He is lord of lords.
On the fifth day morning, Lord Venkateshwara comes out dressed like Mohini the Vishnu’s female form who distributed nectar to the devas in Hindu mythology. Lord Venkateshwara in Mohini’s form is seated in one palanquin and lord Krishna in other palanquin.
Garuda vahanam :
Garuda or Eagle is said to be king of birds and Lord Vishnu’s vahan. On fifth day evening lord venkteshwara is taken on a procession finely decorated with his chief devotee and vehicle. People gather in large numbers to watch this spectacular procession. It is believed that all those who watch this are very lucky because it is extremely auspicious.
Hanumanth Vahanam :
Lord hanuman the most trusted devotee of the Lord is the vehiclefor the procession on sixth day morning.
On sixth day evening the lord is taken out for swarnarathotsavam and then on elephant as his vehicle.
Surya Prabha Vahanam : On seventh day morning Lord Venkateshwarataken on a procession with sun god as his chariot. It is believed that Sun is Lord Maha Vishnu’s incarnation.
Chandra Prabha Vahanam : ON seventh day evening Lord Venkateshwara taken on a procession on a chariot with moon as the vehicle. It indicates Lord is the cause of days and nights.
On the eighth day or second last day Lord is ttaken on a chariot with his consors sree devi and bhoo devi. Chanting of Govinda nama smarana filling the air the procession goes on. What more required to liberate man from the cycle of birth and death.
Ashwa Vahanam : ON eighth day evening Lord Venkateshwara who used to hunt animals on his horse is now taken on a procession on a vehicle driven by horses. This is the last avatar that is kali avatar.
Avbhruta snanam a special ritual observed on last day for Malayappa, consorts and Sudarshan chakra. Malayappa the utsava Moorthy worshipped instead of main diety. Sudarshana chakra is immersed in swamy pushkarini.
Dwajavarohanam: On the last day the flag with Garuda symbol lowered indicating successful completion of the Brahmotsavam. The priest chant various mantras and rituals performed in Dwajastamba and mandapa.
Log on to Tirumala.org for detailed brochure regarding this function. Still 15 days left. Andhra Pradesh government has allotted huge sums for this function Not only that all essential and security services deployed to make this function successful.
Difference between salakatla Brahmotsavam and Navratri Brahmotsavam
There are some differences in these celebrations
- No flag hoisting in Navratri Brahmotsavam. Only Golden Tirucchi Vahanam on first day.
- No swarnarathotsavam on 6th day evening instead Pushpaka vimanam seva is hel in Navratri Brahmotsavam
- On 8th day morning Rathotsavam (big chariot) held on salakatla Brahmotsavam while on 8th day morning Swarna rathotsavam (golden chariot) held in Navratri Brahmotsavam
- On 9th day evening there is dwajavarahonam or flag unhoisting but there is no such ritual in Navratri Brahmotsavam . Only lord Venkateshwara blesses golden tirucchi.
I hope I have given sufficient details Now your next step is to see this grand spectacle by being present at this venue .